General Information
Drug ID
DR00039
Drug Name
Glutathione
Synonyms
5-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine; 70-18-8; Agifutol S; Copren; Deltathione; GSH; Glutathion; Glutathione; Glutathione (reduced); Glutathione SH; Glutathione [JAN]; Glutathione-SH; Glutatiol; Glutatione; Glutide; Glutinal; Isethion; L-Glutathione reduced; L-Glutatione; L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine; Ledac; Neuthion; Panaron; Tathion; Tathione; Triptide; gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine; gamma-L-Glutamylcysteinylglycine; gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine; glutathione red; red. glutathione; reduced glutathione
Drug Type
Small molecular drug
Indication Human immunodeficiency virus infection [ICD11: 1C62.Z] Approved [1]
Structure
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3D MOL 2D MOL
Formula
C10H17N3O6S
Canonical SMILES
C(CC(=O)NC(CS)C(=O)NCC(=O)O)C(C(=O)O)N
InChI
InChI=1S/C10H17N3O6S/c11-5(10(18)19)1-2-7(14)13-6(4-20)9(17)12-3-8(15)16/h5-6,20H,1-4,11H2,(H,12,17)(H,13,14)(H,15,16)(H,18,19)/t5-,6-/m0/s1
InChIKey
RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N
CAS Number
CAS 70-18-8
Pharmaceutical Properties Molecular Weight 307.321 Topological Polar Surface Area 160
Heavy Atom Count 20 Rotatable Bond Count 9
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 6 Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 8
PubChem CID
124886
PubChem SID
3133343 , 3353 , 5486 , 584925 , 585393 , 585424 , 585868 , 597405 , 6435995 , 7847082 , 7887988 , 8011661 , 8019868 , 8022090 , 818762 , 820159 , 820986 , 821009 , 821976 , 821977 , 823584 , 823921 , 823937 , 823938 , 823940 , 823941 , 823951 , 824192 , 824837 , 825748 , 828541 , 828542 , 829059 , 829900 , 831498 , 833160 , 834720 , 835369 , 836320 , 836434 , 836436 , 836441 , 836516 , 837543 , 838218 , 838751 , 838765 , 841095 , 854378 , 855260
ChEBI ID
ChEBI:16856
TTD Drug ID
D02HFD
DT(s) Transporting This Drug BCRP Transporter Info Breast cancer resistance protein Substrate [2]
MRP1 Transporter Info Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 Substrate [3]
MRP2 Transporter Info Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 Substrate [4]
MRP4 Transporter Info Multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 Substrate [5]
OATP1B3 Transporter Info Organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B3 Substrate [6]
P-GP Transporter Info P-glycoprotein 1 Substrate [7]
Drug-Transporter Activity Data
Drug-Transporter Activity Data MRP1 Transporter Info Km = 5000 microM Human cervical cancer cell line (Hela)-MRP1 [8]
References
1 Glutathione was approved by FDA. The official website of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019)
2 Glutathione transport is a unique function of the ATP-binding cassette protein ABCG2. J Biol Chem. 2010 May 28;285(22):16582-7.
3 Structural determinants of substrate specificity differences between human multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 1 (ABCC1) and MRP3 (ABCC3). Drug Metab Dispos. 2008 Dec;36(12):2571-81.
4 Oxidative and electrophilic stress induces multidrug resistance-associated protein transporters via the nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2 transcriptional pathway. Hepatology. 2007 Nov;46(5):1597-610.
5 Role of glutathione in the multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4/ABCC4)-mediated efflux of cAMP and resistance to purine analogues. Biochem J. 2002 Feb 1;361(Pt 3):497-503.
6 Regulation of Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptides (OATP) 1B1- and OATP1B3-Mediated Transport: An Updated Review in the Context of OATP-Mediated Drug-Drug Interactions. Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Mar 14;19(3). pii: E855.
7 Upregulation of cellular glutathione levels in human ABCB5- and murine Abcb5-transfected cells. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2015 Dec 15;16:37.
8 Topological polar surface area defines substrate transport by multidrug resistance associated protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1). J Med Chem. 2009 Feb 26;52(4):1214-8.

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