General Information
Drug ID
DR00303
Drug Name
L-leucine
Synonyms
(2S)-2-amino-4-methylpentanoic acid; (2S)-alpha-leucine; (S)-(+)-Leucine; (S)-2-Amino-4-methylpentanoic acid; (S)-2-Amino-4-methylvaleric acid; (S)-Leucine; 2-amino-4-methylvaleric acid; 61-90-5; H-Leu-OH; L-(-)-2-Amino-4-methylpentanoic acid; L-Leuzin; L-Norvaline, 4-methyl-; L-alpha-Aminoisocaproic acid; L-leucin; LEUCINE, L-; Leucin; Leucin [German]; Leucina [INN-Spanish]; Leucina [Latin,Spanish]; Leucine (VAN); Leucine [USAN:INN]; Leucinum; Leucinum [INN-Latin]; alpha-Aminoisocaproic acid; leu; leucine
Drug Type
Small molecular drug
Indication Major depressive disorder [ICD11: 6A70.3] Phase 2 [1]
Structure
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3D MOL 2D MOL
Formula
C6H13NO2
Canonical SMILES
CC(C)CC(C(=O)O)N
InChI
InChI=1S/C6H13NO2/c1-4(2)3-5(7)6(8)9/h4-5H,3,7H2,1-2H3,(H,8,9)/t5-/m0/s1
InChIKey
ROHFNLRQFUQHCH-YFKPBYRVSA-N
CAS Number
CAS 61-90-5
Pharmaceutical Properties Molecular Weight 131.175 Topological Polar Surface Area 63.3
Heavy Atom Count 9 Rotatable Bond Count 3
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 2 Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 3
XLogP
-1.5
PubChem CID
6106
PubChem SID
10317235 , 10530134 , 11459278 , 11459418 , 15146625 , 15218991 , 24874858 , 24886442 , 24896388 , 24896488 , 24896510 , 24901619 , 26651805 , 29225114 , 3423 , 4253012 , 46391850 , 46392412 , 46393330 , 46507163 , 46507999 , 48416162 , 49747925 , 49835907 , 49988821 , 50108366 , 57323191 , 57581300 , 57581304 , 57651866 , 57654329 , 57654969 , 57654972 , 57654976 , 595259 , 6436525 , 6436533 , 6436536 , 6436708 , 7847098 , 7888630 , 80033595 , 8025197 , 81044540 , 81055047 , 8143308 , 8153821 , 832925 , 838753 , 841561
ChEBI ID
ChEBI:15603
TTD Drug ID
D0W4MZ
DT(s) Transporting This Drug LAT1 Transporter Info L-type amino acid transporter 1 Substrate [2]
LAT3 Transporter Info L-type amino acid transporter 3 Substrate [3]
LAT4 Transporter Info L-type amino acid transporter 4 Substrate [4]
References
1 ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03079297) Rapid Antidepressant Effects of Leucine
2 Bidirectional transport of amino acids regulates mTOR and autophagy. Cell. 2009 Feb 6;136(3):521-34.
3 Identification of a novel system L amino acid transporter structurally distinct from heterodimeric amino acid transporters. J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 31;278(44):43838-45.
4 Anticipation of food intake induces phosphorylation switch to regulate basolateral amino acid transporter LAT4 (SLC43A2) function. J Physiol. 2019 Jan;597(2):521-542.

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