General Information
Drug ID
DR00471
Drug Name
Phenobarbital
Synonyms
5-Ethyl-5-phenyl-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-pyrimidinetrione;5-Ethyl-5-phenyl-2,4,6-(1H,3H,5H)pyrimidinetrione; 5-Ethyl-5-phenyl-2,4,6-pyrimidinetrione; 5-Ethyl-5-phenyl-pyrimidine-2,4,6-trione; 5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid; 5-Phenyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid;5-ethyl-5-phenyl-1,3-diazinane-2,4,6-trione; 5-ethyl-5-phenylpyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione; Acido 5-fenil-5-etilbarbiturico; Acido 5-fenil-5-etilbarbiturico [Italian]; Adonal; Aephe nal; Aephenal; Agrypnal; Amylofene; Antrocol; Aphenylbarbit; Aphenyletten; Arco-Lase Plus; Austrominal; Barbapil; Barbellen; Barbellon; Barbenyl; Barbilehae; Barbilehae (barbilettae); Barbinal; Barbipenyl; Barbiphen; Barbiphenyl; Barbipil; Barbita; Barbivis; Barbonal; Barbophen; Bardorm; Bartol; Bialminal; Blu-phen; Cabronal; Calmetten; Calminal; Cardenal; Chardonna-2; Chinoin; Codibarbita; Component of Antrocol; Component of Bronkotabs; Component of Hecadrol; Component of Primatene P; Component of Slowten; Component of Tedral; Component of Valpin 50-PB; Coronaletta; Cratecil; Damoral; Dezibarbitur; Donphen; Dormina; Dormiral; Dormital; Doscalun; Duneryl; Elixir of phenobarbital; Ensobarb; Ensodorm; Epanal; Epidorm; Epilol; Episedal; Epsylone; Eskabarb; Etilfen; Euneryl; Ezibarbitur; Fen osed; Fenbital; Fenemal; Fenobarbital; Fenobarbital [INN-Spanish]; Fenobarbitale; Fenobarbitale [DCIT]; Fenosed; Fenylettae; Gardenal; Gardepanyl; Glysoletten; Gustase-Plus; Haplopan; Haplos; Helional; Hennoletten; Henotal; Hypnaletten; Hypnette; Hypno-Tablinetten; Hypnogen; Hypnolone; Hypnoltol; Hysteps; Le phebar; Lefebar; Leonal; Lephebar; Lepinal; Lepinaletten; Levsin PB Drops and Tablets; Linasen; Liquital; Lixophen; Lubergal; Lubrokal; Lumen; Lumesettes; Lumesyn; Luminal; Luminal (TN); Lumofridetten; Luphenil; Luramin; Molinal; Neurobarb; Nirvonal; Noptil; Nova-Pheno; Nunol; PHOB; PUBERTAL PHENOBARBITAL STUDY; Pamine PB; Parkotal; Pharmetten; Phazyme-PB; Phen-Bar; Phenaemal; Phenemal; Phenemalum; Phenobal; Phenobarb; Phenobarbital (JP15/USP/INN); Phenobarbital (PB); Phenobarbital [USAN:INN:JAN]; Phenobarbital, Monosodium Salt; Phenobarbitalum; Phenobarbitalum [INN-Latin]; Phenobarbitalum [INN]; Phenobarbitol; Phenobarbitone; Phenobarbitonum; Phenobarbituric acid; Phenobarbyl; Phenoluric; Phenolurio; Phenomet; Phenonyl; Phenoturic; Phenyl-ethyl-barbituric acid; Phenylaethylbarbitursaeure; Phenylethyl barbituric acid; Phenylethylbarbiturate; Phenylethylbarbituric acid; Phenylethylbarbitursaeure; Phenylethylmalonylurea; Phenyletten; Phenylral; Phenyral; Polcominal; Promptonal; SK-Phenobarbital; Seda-Tablinen; Seda-tabl inen; Sedabar; Sedicat; Sedizorin; Sedlyn; Sedofen; Sedonal; Sedonal (sedative); Sedonettes; Sedophen; Sevenal; Solfoton; Solfoton talpheno; Solu-Barb; Sombutol; Somnolens; Somnoletten; Somnosan; Somonal; Spasepilin; Starifen; Starilettae; Stental; Stental Extentabs; Stental exte ntabs; Talpheno; Teolaxin; Teoloxin; Thenobarbital; Theoloxin; Theominal; Triabarb; Tridezibarbitur; Triphenatol; Valprin 50-PB; Versomnal; Zadoletten; Zadonal
Drug Type
Small molecular drug
Indication Seizure [ICD11: 8A68] Approved [1]
Therapeutic Class
Anticonvulsants
Structure
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3D MOL 2D MOL
Formula
C12H12N2O3
Canonical SMILES
CCC1(C(=O)NC(=O)NC1=O)C2=CC=CC=C2
InChI
InChI=1S/C12H12N2O3/c1-2-12(8-6-4-3-5-7-8)9(15)13-11(17)14-10(12)16/h3-7H,2H2,1H3,(H2,13,14,15,16,17)
InChIKey
DDBREPKUVSBGFI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS Number
CAS 50-06-6
Pharmaceutical Properties Molecular Weight 232.239 Topological Polar Surface Area 75.3
Heavy Atom Count 17 Rotatable Bond Count 2
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 2 Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 3
XLogP
1.5
PubChem CID
4763
PubChem SID
103165722 , 103932141 , 10524254 , 10589109 , 11109645 , 11336162 , 11361401 , 11462373 , 11533360 , 14822944 , 24898226 , 29215458 , 29215459 , 29223847 , 419552 , 4437710 , 46505776 , 47365286 , 48334587 , 48414299 , 48414897 , 48416415 , 48423927 , 49854358 , 50754225 , 51087546 , 53786889 , 56310640 , 56310993 , 56312250 , 56312902 , 56313381 , 56313456 , 56313891 , 56314430 , 56314439 , 56314440 , 57288737 , 590135 , 607900 , 75216 , 7538915 , 7847572 , 7980291 , 8150142 , 8152924 , 85174399 , 93167079 , 9638 , 99302075
ChEBI ID
ChEBI:8069
TTD Drug ID
D0Y7RW
DT(s) Transporting This Drug MRP2 Transporter Info Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 Substrate [2]
P-GP Transporter Info P-glycoprotein 1 Substrate [3]
References
1 Phenobarbital was approved by FDA. The official website of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019)
2 Regulation of multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) by the nuclear receptors pregnane X receptor, farnesoid X-activated receptor, and constitutive androstane receptor. J Biol Chem. 2002 Jan 25;277(4):2908-15.
3 The transport of antiepileptic drugs by P-glycoprotein. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2012 Jul;64(10):930-42.

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