General Information and Variability Data of DT
DT ID DTD0111
Gene Name SLC16A7
Protein Name Monocarboxylate transporter 2
Synonyms Solute carrier family 16 member 7; MCT 2; SLC16A7; MCT2
Gene ID
9194
UniProt ID
O60669
TCDB ID
2.A.1.13.5
DT Family Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS)
Monocarboxylate Transporter (MCT) Family
Tissue Specificity Detected in heart and in blood lymphocytes and monocytes (at protein level). High expression in testis, moderate to low in spleen, heart, kidney, pancreas, skeletal muscle, brain and Leukocyte. Restricted expression in normal tissues, but widely expressed in cancer cells.
Function This transporter functions as high-affinity pyruvate transporter, and this proton-coupled monocarboxylate transporter can catalyzes the rapid transport across the plasma membrane of many monocarboxylates such as lactate, pyruvate, branched-chain oxo acids derived from leucine, valine and isoleucine, and the ketone bodies acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate and acetate.
Disease(s) Epilepsy [ICD-11: 8A6Z]
Obesity [ICD-11: 5B81]
Pain [ICD-11: MG30-MG7Z]
Heart attack [ICD-11: BA41.Z]
Genetic Polymorphisms & Epigenetic Regulations of DT
Species-, Tissue- and Disease-specific Protein Abundances of DT
Exogenous Factor Altering DT Activity
Approved Drug(s) Transported by This DT Atorvastatin Drug Info Hyperlipidaemia [ICD-11: 5C8Z] Approved [1]
Ibuprofen Drug Info Pain [ICD-11: MG30-MG7Z] Approved [1]
Milchsaure Drug Info Metabolic acidosis [ICD-11: 5C73] Approved [2]
Propicillin Drug Info Streptococcus bacterial infections [ICD-11: 1C41] Approved [1]
Quercetin Drug Info Coronary artery disease [ICD-11: BA6Z] Approved [1]
Salicylic acid Drug Info Dermatitis [ICD-11: EA80-EA8Z] Approved [3]
Valproic Acid Drug Info Epilepsy [ICD-11: 8A6Z] Approved [1]
Endogenous Substrate(s) Monocarboxylates; Gamma-hydroxybutyrate
Drug-DT Affinity Assessed by Cell Line
Drug(s) with Drug-DT Affinity Data Milchsaure Drug Info Oocytes-MCT2 Km = 6.5 microM [4]
References
1 Monocarboxylate Transporters in Drug Disposition: Role in the Toxicokinetics and Toxicodynamics of the Drug of Abuse GHB.
2 Characterization of the high-affinity monocarboxylate transporter MCT2 in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Biochem J. 1999 Aug 1;341 ( Pt 3):529-35.
3 Clinical and Functional Relevance of the Monocarboxylate Transporter Family in Disease Pathophysiology and Drug Therapy. Clin Transl Sci. 2018 Jul;11(4):352-364.
4 Human monocarboxylate transporter 2 (MCT2) is a high affinity pyruvate transporter. J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 30;273(44):28959-65.

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